Making the Unconscious Conscious


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Freud’s main focus was to discover in the individual h/er unconscious urgesto make the unconscious conscious.  In order to achieve this goal, he applied a particular brand of therapy, a method known as psychoanalysis.  You might imagine yourself stark naked, standing before a gargantuan, over-filled closet.  Your goal in psychoanalysis is to examine the meaning, connotation and minutia of each and every piece of clothing you find there, before deciding what to wear. Freud’s method could be expected to last upwards of seven to ten years, making it all quite costly, leaving the patient rather self-absorbed, esoteric and, ultimately,  undressed.

Freud’s theory of the human mind was biased toward women, often describing females as inferior to men, helpless and sexually frustrated – especially weighted down with penis envy. Addressing the idea that females could potentially, one day, be psychotherapists, Freud stated, “We shall not be very greatly surprised if a woman analyst who has not been sufficiently convinced of the intensity of her own wish for a penis also fails to attach proper importance to that factor in her patients” (Freud, 1949).  According to Freud, women were prone to not only developing penis envy, but hysteria and melancholia as a result of a life dominated by an obsession with sexual and reproductive functions.

In as much as Freud contributed broadly and harshly to the subject of women, he added another dimension to the discussion of men and the development of the masculine gender identity.  That discussion, although seemingly as absurd as his ideas on the feminine gender, continues today and is responsible for a number of encouraging modern-day presumptions about gender development.  Freud’s work, more than anyone else before him, disrupted the established idea of human sexuality and made possible serious inquiry into the complex mystique of masculine and feminine gender and male and female sexual development.

Although Freudian psychoanalysis, when practiced at all, is often the exclusive domain of psychiatrists, many of Freud’s theoretical constructs survive today and are actually quite valuable, used to promote insight in an array of other more modern therapeutic orientations.  Defense mechanisms (DM) for example are Freudian concepts and are often the focus of a number of therapeutic initiatives.

DMs are believed to be unconscious psychological motivations used to preserve and protect the self image. DMs reshape psychological and environmental phenomena by influencing perception. The reshaping of perception makes psychological information more adaptive for ego assimilation.  Essentially, the purpose of DMs is one of many ways we protect our mind from anxiety.  Simply, if we don’t like what we see, we are capable of seeing it differently.

There are believed to be four types (levels) of DMs: Level One (Pathological): delusion, projection, denial, distortion; Level Two:  (Immature) acting out, projection, idealization; Level Three:  (Neurotic) hypochondriasis, isolation, repression, regression; Level Four:  (Mature) altruism, humour, identification and sublimation. DMs are expressed through unconscious motivations and overt behavior and often influence or even form the expression of individual personality.

Freud identifies the Id, the Ego and the Super-ego as having significant influence over the development of defense mechanisms (DMs).  (These three conceptual structures, the Id, the Ego and the Super-ego, represent functions of the mind and are not meant to describe parts of the brain.)

  1. The Id is UNSEEN and can be imagined as a screaming newborn (about the same size and age you are right now), motivated by instinct, self-gratification, impatience and pleasure. “I want what I want and I want it PRONTO!”
  2. The Super-ego is also UNSEEN and processes information believed to be ideal, moral, wholesome, and ethical – highly motivated by consequence and outcome.  “That is not right. I will avoid or postpone that opportunity.”
  3. The Ego is one’s PRESENT awareness, the result of how the Id and the Super-ego resolve their difference, and is SEEN in how we express our personality.

According to Freud, the Id and the Super-ego engage in a struggle of sorts, counterbalancing one another – the Super-ego attempts to inhibit the pleasure-seeking demands of the Id, and the Id attempts to thwart the managed, moral and principled forces of the Super-ego.

The Ego can be imagined as an observer, watching the match between the Id and the Super-ego, having no role in the battle except to carry out the will of the victor.  For example, “I want the cookie. If I eat it, it will be good.  If I am caught, I will be punished.  If I am punished, I will be bad. If I am not caught, I will still know I did it and I couldn’t live with that.  I could always lie and say I didn’t do it.  If I lie, it will be wrong and I will be bad.  If I take the cookie and eat it I could pretend I didn’t do it.  I could feel good about stealing it because I should get a cookie anyway. I don’t care what people think of me. I don’t want to lose my mother’s love. I will lie to her, but if she finds out, she will forgive me anyway; oh, what to do?”  We may see the development of denial, distortion or rationalization taking shape in the dialogue. Freud believed that DMs often appear when impulses of the Id are in conflict with the reasoned conclusions of the Super-ego, e.g., anxiety will result when the resolution between these two conceptual structures is maladaptive and not sufficient to resolve an external threat posed to the Ego. If you make a quick, irrational and self-serving decision, do you adjust to the decision by denying, rationalizing, intellectualizing or projecting?   If you take your time and choose not to pursue your ambition, do you find yourself fantasizing, distorting, intellectualizing or undoing?

Modern psychotherapy promotes a here-and-now style of emotional problem-solving – one where the focus of treatment is placed on the client’s current behaviors and attitudes, rather than relentlessly reviewing one’s past – as if giving a client a forum for continuously, cyclically telling and retelling themselves the dreadfulness of their past can somehow help solve their problems in their present life.  Not only is our recollection of our past often narrow, inadequate and biased, but can serve little or no purpose.  By searching for meaning in our past, we are often left to construe meaning, motivation and purpose, leading nowhere except to re-live events that were unfortunate and regrettable to begin with.

A here-and-now perspective encourages the client to recognize that emotional problems are more likely resolved by making the past an issue of the present:

“My mother was neglectful.  She often didn’t feed me.  She was alcoholic.”

“How is that a problem for you now?”

“I feel like I didn’t have a childhood.”

“What if you didn’t have a childhood?”

“Then I would have missed out on a lot of things other kids got to experience.”

“How would that be a problem for you now?”

“I don’t feel like I have had a complete life.”

“What would that mean?”

“That I will never be what I could have been.”

“What do you think you could have been?”

“A dentist.”

“What would it have meant if you had become a dentist?”

“I would have been happier. I would have more money.  People would call me doctor. I would have gone to college.  I would have married better.  The list goes on.”

“What does it mean now that you haven’t achieved those goals?”

“That I am not successful.”

“What does that mean to you now?”

“That I am a bad person.”

While a here-and-now approach can be an intense, transformative experience, it is also an opportunity to build a stronger awareness of ourselves, our patterns of behavior and our potential for change.  The client creates a working condition from which problem-solving can occur, rather than depending on some esoteric interpretation of the past. When the client becomes fully aware of the importance of the present in emotional problem-solving, s/he is more capable of identifying repetitive patterns and behaviors that can be changed NOW.

People are often not able to appreciate who they really are because they keep listening to their historical dialogue. Changing how you talk to yourself NOW is far more likely to bring about lasting change.

We may benefit from Freud’s dependence on the past to resolve our immediate emotional troubles. We can, in fact, find something to wear without examining every garment in the closet.  In fact, Freud’s description of the Id, Ego and Super-ego can be used to strengthen our understanding the human mind while continuing to promote a here-and-now perspective.

Knowledge and awareness of both paradigms may help in providing better treatment outcomes.

Possessing a heightened awareness of what may seem antediluvian Freudian ego psychology may very well help inform a modern application of a here-and-now orientation.  Rather than remaining an unconscious (UNSEEN) phenomenon, we can bring the repetitive, negative dialogue that rages between the Id and the Super-ego into our conscious (SEEN) awareness.  The more conscious we can make the dialogue, the more we can deliberately influence the overall outcome.

Instead of being a bystander to the disputes that rage in our unconscious, we can be the primary arbitrator of our emotional disputes.  Remaining in the here-and-now, we might recognize the puerile quality of our unconscious arguments by making them part of our consciousness.  By doing so, we might draw our own conscious, well-balanced conclusions.

You may decide, in the NOW to end the dispute between your Id and your Super-ego and welcome an emotional life that emphasizes the here and now – neither depending on the past nor the future for your state of mind. The shape of your personality may become the result of an active, intentional and conscious process, rather than leaving it to the victor of an unconscious argument involving two extremes.

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41 responses

  1. Thank you for such an informative blog.

    Freud’s sexist views were merely a product of the times that he lived in. Sexuality was not discussed during this era and although they seem archacic by today’s standards, they were quite revolutionary for his time. As you pointed out, many of his ideas were very close to our understanding today.

    Freud’s assessment of the Ego, the super-ego and the id are very similar to modern findings of the workings of the RAS, although there are admittedly some differences.

    We often forget that Freud was blazing trails in uncharted territory. Freud INVENTED psychology and all who came after him actually polished his work.

    Again, thank you for your posts. I so enjoy your wealth of knowledge.

  2. Thanks again Dr Michael for lessons i find find so relative.
    How awesome that the super-ego knows that wasting time re=dredging up the past again and again is not just a waste of time, but pointless, counter balancing what the ID might feeds us.

    Now learning to let go, move away from thinking from the ID and move forward is the next step. Nothing is solved by hanging on to old tapes. Old Chatter. Trusting that nothing but what you allow yourself to act on from feelings and thoughts of your own that are emotionally healthy and intelligent.
    By George! I hope I may be catching on. (and if not, its just because its so late) (*&*)

    • you’re very welcome baroness. you might remember that the Id’s focus is in IMMEDIACY and the Super-ego fights with the Id over FUTURE consequences. The Ego is the result of that struggle. i have been trying to stay in the present without drawing on the past or the future. i have found that i cannot think about my thinking when i am thinking about my breathing. breathing seems to be a factor in so many healthy emotional exercises. BREATHE!!

      • I too have been being mindful of ‘Now” letting yesterday go, not giving tomorrow a thought.
        It takes a lot of every day, every moment practice I am finding so as not to slip back into my old way of thinking.
        Breathing, breathing…

        Thank you for your responses by the by~

  3. I’ve always quite liked Freudy! Great post although I do have one qualm so here it is. David Attenborough has been quoted as saying that emotion (in animals) is an ‘awareness of instinct’ – dunno what you make of that. My qualm is that EI might lead to an overawareness of self and unhealthy introspection. I speak from experience here as, when I was a kid, I was so introspective I nearly turned myself inside out with self-aware anxiety. It was only when I started to look outward instead of inward that I managed to grab a bit of joy. I would appreciate your opinion!

    • i can’t really guide you in how developing an internal locus of control could have had a negative impact. the idea confounds psychological logic. unless, of course, your introspection was a result of some external source of information. you may have been introspective because you felt inadequate and inferior. you may be confusing introspection with depending on an external source for information to draw conclusions about yourself. that is quite different. if you develop an internal locus of control to accept your imperfections you are not likely to turn yourself inside out. you are more likely to enjoy your own company. please add to the discussion as i only know what you tell me. The biggest emotional difference between humans and wild animals is that humans can think about their thinking. Animals can express only two essential emotions – attachment and fear. Humans, of course, express these emotions as well, but they also create derivatives of these emotions founded in factors related to reasoning, something animals do not express.

      • What you said about external stuff influencing internal stuff makes a lot of sense so thanks for that. I am not so nervous of introspection now because, having given it some thought, it was probably all that Calvinism I was brought up on – interesting!

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  6. Thanks for visiting my blog. My concern with Dr. Freud’s views are as follows: 1. His basic assumption about man is wrong as he has failed to make a distinction between biological entities and other entities studied by Physics and Chemistry. As you have noted, humans are emotional creatures and are not governed by mechanist principles. 2. Psychoanalysis provides self-knowledge; the knowledge of man’s subjective experience of life. This information cannot be tested or verified using objective criteria. If my patient thinks that he has fever, I can accurately measure the body temperature and assure him about his concern. In Clinical Medicine, we always try to find obejective signs and symptoms to verify the nature, the reality of the statements made by the patient. In Psychoanalysis, there is no empirical verification of the contents revealed by uncovering the “unconscious”( a term used in Medicine for a different reason), and 3. the efficacy of psychoanalytic treatment cannot be independently verified as there are no two subjects with identical conscious/unconscious contents in their mind. It may be of some interest to you to note that in Indian Tradition there are four kinds of mental functions; 1. Manas or manaH( the seat of thoughts), 2, Buddhi( the seat of intellect and Knowledge and also of Discernment or VIVEK), 3. Chitta( the seat of emotions like love, compassion, friendship), and 4. AHamkara ( the seat of ego or self-pride). These four mental functions are named ANTAHKARANA or Mano Chatushtayam. Mind is often described as the supreme Sense Organ as it processes information from the Five Organs of Sense and controls them. Mind, the sense organ is controlled by Intellect or Buddhi and Vivek, the power of Discernment. Intellect is controlled by Spirit or Soul. Mental cravings and desires cause emotional imbalance and the desires are mediated through sense organs. For inner sense of harmony, mental peace and balance, the Spirit must control intellect, the intellect must control mind, and the mind must control the sense organs and regulate the desire or craving.

    • wow! thank you for taking the time to respond. to be honest, i have happened upon eastern philosophy by accident. i have only recently begun to learn the benefit of focused breathing. i will probably start to incorporate the other philosophies you mention later on, as i encounter their benefit in my own life. i do believe mental health has a very strong connection to physical science. From the perspective of the influence of the limbic system and the arousal of the sympathetic nervous system, the impact of hormones and neurochemicals on the body’s response to stress, etc. All it guided by thought. Of course, the impetus for the activation of the sympathetic response is thought. But emotionla, itself, has a very clear connection with human anatomy and can be measures chemically and anatomically.

      • I think the practice of Bio-feedback is clear enough proof for me that there is a strong connection between all. I was taught years and years ago when it was we realized I have a pretty good command of bringing both (mind & body) to the fore front when needed to find ways to manage chronic pain without RX medications.

      • That is certainly a great feat! I think many of us have an individual pain thresh hold. To focus your mind to avoid pain and sickness altogether is something I have no been able to do. I’m just happy to focus my mind to stay in the present and avoid past and future emotional thinking.

      • I am very grateful to the psychologist who in a pain clinic I attended classes at taught me how to do this. Its a real weapon in my bag of arsenals to combat chronic pain.
        That year is something that gave me more tools to work with than anyone else was able to provide at that time. This was in the mid 80’s. The whole science of treating chronic pain was in its infancy and there was so much garbage about. I have taken many of the techniques taught and transferred them to other aspects of my life. Like being mindful of remaining in the moment. Yet I’ll never claim to be perfect at it.

  7. I can understand your need to focus upon ‘thought’. I make a distinction between thought and consciousness. The function of awareness includes thoughts, feelings, and moods. Some thoughts may generate psychogenic stress and the stress reaction can cause manifest physical signs and symptoms that could be diagnosed as anxiety or depression. My concern is about biotic stress, the stress generated by biotic interactions. The presence of infectious agents such as parasites, bacteria, and viruses causes biological stress. The immune defense mechanisms also generate stress. The presence of cancerous cells and the autoimmune disease is associated with stress. The anaphylactic reaction is an extreme and life threatening form of stress reaction. The biotic stress is recognized by consciousness and often there is no cortical awareness of the same. I have seen patients with infections like Rabies and Tetanus where the seriousness of the condition is diagnosed from the facial expression of fear. This fear is not psychogenic fear and the patient has no cortical awareness of the presence of an infectious agent in the body. Very often, myocardial infarction generates the expression of fear on the face while the patient is not aware of his problem and is not thinking about the possibility of heart attack. However, I agree that I can train people to become pain tolerant and pain resistant and provide pain relief by using very small doses of pain relief medication. It involves conscious recognition of Compassion as a force/power/energy and use it as an uplifting power to change the mood by reducing the biotic stress caused by physical injury. In the Armed Forces where I had worked before, we have used Physical Training as a tool to make men stress tolerant and stress resistant. We currently live in times when millions of people have become dependent upon drugs to relieve symptoms of anxiety or depression and it is alarming to note that children and teens are getting these prescriptions which have the potential for habituation. I am sure that you would be able to help these people if not people with endocrine disease.

    • I do appreciate the impact of biotic stress on the body, but I also believe that the body’s response to pain and misfortune (stress) is always a product of thought. As fleeting as it may seem at times, I believe all emotion and its consequent behavior is a response to thought. Facial expressions may simply be another way of saying, “ouch,” but facial expressions may still be a product of thought. If I am understanding you correctly, I am not yet capable of viewing this idea in any other terms, I’m afraid – especially the idea that stress is somehow a product of the physical body, alone. I will spend time with this concept, however. I wasn’t a big believer in the power of breathing and meditation until recently, so anything is possible. I do believe that when stress overwhelms the body and prolongs the “normal” stress response it can compromise the immune system, causing disease or creates an environment for disease. When disease invades the body, i.e., parasites, bacteria or virus the body will strive to cure itself, but the emotive response to disease may always be a cognitive process.

  8. The manner in which the contents of consciousness are composed in the upper Brain Stem, information is selectively projected to cortical areas and man has the ability to recognize that information. There is plenty of other information that is blocked and need not be relayed to cortical centers to cause cortical awareness. I had a personal experience of sleeping in a room with a coal burner and got exposed to CO poisoning. The gas has no smell and it can poison you without causing cortical awareness. As I was sleeping in a dark room, I got alerted when I sensed a palpitation. While still lying in my bed in the dark room, I reviewed the conditions that could cause palpitation. I was in good health and there was no reason that I could discover for that palpitation. So, I had to get up and turn the light on to find the environmental cause for my missed heart beat. I got out of the room in time. Many people are not that lucky and they die in smoke filled rooms while sleeping. There are several clinical conditions associated with ‘Shock’ and the patient is distressed, anxious, fearful while the person has no cortical awareness of the internal condition causing the stress. I have diagnosed two cases of uncommon malignant tumors( angiosarcoma and rhabdomyosarcoma) and the patients had no cortical awareness of their tumors or the possibility of cancer. The tumors incite intense immunological response and consciousness recognizes the problem. The facial expression associated with some life threatening conditions is observed by the clinician while the patient has no sense of fear and has not mentally recognized the feeling of fear. Apart from psychogenic causes, there is stress reaction to infections, inflammation, injury,neoplasms, and any severe metabolic disturbance or electrolyte/acid-base imbalance.

    • am am quite interested in what you’re talking about, but it seems a bit mystical to me and more purely scientific mind 🙂 i have read your blog and i find myself having to re-read a lot of it. the information is complicated, yet holds my interest. your illustration of the CO poisoning is interesting, as well. your response to your heart beat depended, however, on your conscious perception. all behavior must be interpreted in order to have meaning. without meaning, your heartbeat would be of very little consequence to you – as it is to an animal. your stress response to the stimulus required a conscious perception.

      your point that there is an unconscious life-force that compels humans to survive is a bit more complicated. i do know that people who commit suicide are often prevented from doing so (or hindered in some way) by their body’s unconscious will to live. this desire appears to be separate from the conscious will to die and sometimes prevails. (the conscious and unconscious forces at play in this case does illustrate your point better for me.)

      could this phenomenon be a struggle between the Id and the Super-ego? Are these forces at odds even up to the end of our lives?

  9. I am choosing to believe this was a compliment from you~ : ) I enjoy chatting with you Dr Michael.
    I also am enjoy the chats between you & Bhavanajagat. Quite obviously over my head at times requiring me to re-read and even educate myself what you both mean when I don’t understand. As someone who has an auto-immune illness and know that if I allow it stress
    can have a huge negative impact the conversation fascinates me.

    My passionate interest comes from a self centered view, but as well as one as a child advocate. The chat about the psychotropic’s is especially relevant in a couple cases on my watch. I have a problem with Big Pharma having a “role” in dx these children by way of being removed 3 times or more. I begin to wonder if the disease comes before the invention of the medication, or the cart before the horse.

    You’re one of the good guys I’m guessing~

    • My reaction to your first statement is, “What would it mean if what I said was not a compliment?” That is the real question. (I am not sure what I said, but I am sure it was something complimentary.) To be honest, I have to read Dr. Bhavanajagat’s comments two or three times, myself. They are a bit more mystical than I am used to reading. I do like what he says, and I am now quite interested in the idea that the mind has a mind of its own.

      I know your “watch” includes many children who are being forced to ingest psychoactive medications. I do not endorse that type of chemotherapy for children. Their brains are developing and they are often victims of their primary caregivers. Children behave the way they are taught to behave. Their behavior is a symptom of something in their environment. The stimulus in the environment will not be addressed by giving the child pills. I would advocate that they not take the pills but have someone assess their environment and do something about that. Poor kids.

  10. Dr Michael, I agree about my kids. Is there some literature you can point me to so I might have some credible backing when I motion for the court to order an assement on these grounds?
    I agree that all of my kids issues are enviromental. Even my precious newborn born to opiates.

    If your comment was not a complimen it would matter none. I so do not get my worth through you or anyone else in my small world. It really is coming from within myself.
    I was more interested in your mind frame, as a person getting to know you. (And to be honest it was a kind of smart aleck question. Strange dry sense of humor I tend towards.

    • by the way, i think you said you read go suck a lemon. how did you like it?

      of course my comment would matter. we both know that it was a compliment, but it sure would matter if it weren’t. the extent to which it matters is the issue.

      your question about literature on the topic of pediatric psychoactive chemotherapy is a good one. there are a lot of people on either side of the issue. there are few who are in the middle. the problem is, with the exception of organic mental health issues, there is no evidence that even mental health disorders even exist. it is an industry based on trust and low frustration tolerance. you can read what’s out there and you will have to make up your own mind. i am really not sure how i would make a case for a judge, except to ask if anyone knows what the long-term effects are on a child taking any drug that intrudes on the developing brain.

  11. Thanks for your comments and thoughts. I was once told by His Honor who conducted my first interview with me that he looks at CASA’s as his eyes and ears out side the court. That the court cannot go into the homes and have a one on one relationship albeit a professional one with the children.

    I’m researching this moment for my report. So far so good that I am understanding.

    “Go Suck Lemons” is changing how I allow or not allow what I always have called my “old Tapes” to influence my thoughts today. About anything I’m feeling, hearing, & seeing. I have become extremely analytical and am just going with it for now. I have been mindful of being in the moment for a long time, but being mindfully in the moment of my own thoughts is really hard to be consistent. Running the process in my own mind. I can tell it takes much practice. I like your analogy to learning a foreign language. I am absorbing the book as one absorbs any new concept they believe in. Or a new language they want to learn to navigate new waters. Much less murky waters I do believe!

    I’d like to see the day evolve enough that it all comes natural, with little effort. But the fact is its enough just today, right now that I am managing.

  12. That’s my platform! Protecting children from brain damage yes! There can be little arguments that would seem to hold up under scrutiny that the proof these medications are NOT causing brain damage. She me the studies that tells is they are 100% safe. They cannot even say they that they know the well known side effects are not ging to cause brain damage in a still growing brain.

    You are quite welcome. Its interesting to see that the scums of this earth that prey on others are in all areas of our life. I assumed your negative reviewer had an agenda of their own.

      • I agree. That will be part of my arugement for there being no real purpose for any of my children to be prescribed RXmedsa. Especially when its being used for the real purpose of the caretaker having some control over a childs behavior. I do believe I have my draft done. Thanks so much for your wise words.

      • i would cherish the opportunity to read your argument if you write it up. this is a huge step that most people are not willing to take with child welfare. i think simply asking for proof that a child is mentally ill is the best thing. if they respond with the child has been diagnosed using the dsm you can always say that the dsm is an accumulation of opion not scientific fact . . . cheers!

  13. My experience in a smoke filled room was known and detected by peripheral chemoreceptors located in the Carotid bodies( associated with Carotid arteries) which can detect a decrease in Oxygen partial pressure and an increase in Carbon dioxide partial pressure and silently send signals to Medulla without awakening me. This challenge or stress was responded by sending signals to increase my heart rate and resulted in the abnormal response called palpitation. I was only aware of this palpitation but not of the fact of change in oxygen/carbon dioxide partial pressures. Many others where we encounter fatalities, simply slip into coma caused by low oxygen level causing brain injury. I appreciate the views of Sartre and Freud but I would prefer to divide man into two categories;1. The Self is the first category that supports man as a physical, mental, and social being and is aware of man’s thoughts, feelings, moods, and actions, and 2. The Knowing-Self is the second category that represents man as a moral, and spiritual being. Unlike Sartre and Freud, I believe that man is a created being and the nature of man’s living substance is spiritual, and the term ‘spiritual’ relates to the power of ‘nutrition’, ‘motion’, ‘reproduction’, and ‘responsiveness’ that is characteristic of protoplasm. I say man is a spiritual being and I am not suggesting that this is information that is revealed to me by some external influence like angels or gods. I use the term ‘spiritual’ to explain the connection between energy dependent man and an external source of energy. This is a connection which does not involve man’s intellectual or physical work. It does not involve the use of acquired knowledge( it could be helpful to know the location of a grocery store and have cash/card to pay the bill). I have explained as to how these two categories work together to support human existence and made a suggestion to prevent the problem of suicide.
    http://bhavanajagat.com/2010/11/29/mental-health-and-prevention-of-suicide/

  14. Michael you are on! I would be ever grateful if you would subtly proof and edit when finished. Minus the family details of course. I hope to start pulling my rough draft, research & resources this next week into one no nonsense report. Its one of the hardest times I have needing to keep my own emotions,[not feelings] which have no place, in check. It cannot get personal.
    Asking for prof of mental illness in individual cases could cause an uproar in my small town. Doctors from any field detest being questioned by lay people.
    Or this has been my experience anyway on a personal level.
    I question, I want answers that make sense, I debate. And quite often despite my assertive, not aggressive demeanor, my questions and debates are not welcome.

    I once had a city council turn green when they saw me coming too.

  15. Does your blog have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it but, I’d like to shoot you an e-mail.
    I’ve got some creative ideas for your blog you might be interested in
    hearing. Either way, great blog and I look forward to seeing it improve over time.

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